dz̸СѧӢʦʵ֪ʶĴо

ʱ䣺2019-01-03 Ӣ֪ʶ ҪͶ

Ĺؼʣʵ֪ʶ о Ӣʦ רҵչ

ժҪʦʵ֪ʶͽʦأҲǽʦרҵɳͷչڴͳĽʦУͨʦⲿĽ֪ʶȴ˽ʦӵеĽ鼰֪ʶʦʵ֪ʶԴڽʦȥĽѧ飬ڵǰĽѧУʾδܵĽѧ²ôоķһλСѧӢʦΪ侭̽ʦʵ֪ʶԱ˽ʦʵ֪ʶʦרҵչ塣

һ

ôѧ߿Ϊʦʵ֪ʶӳ˸ǰ֪ʶͬ˽ʦ֪ʶ龳ԡһ龳γɵ֪ʶǵھԼĹ¡ͨ˼پǹʱȥٽ֪ʶ[1] ꣬½ѧ߿ʼעʦĸʵ֪ʶǽʦӵеıԴҲҪо⡣̽ʦĸʵ֪ʶǽһʦҶԽʦķչҲŷdzҪ塣IJôоһλСѧӢʦаоʦʵ֪ʶԼԽʦרҵչ塣

ʦʵ֪ʶĴо

1.ѧƻ棬ѧҪС1997շ䵽һСѧνģ֮ѧѧѧϰӢҵһСѧʼӢѧġСѧѧĵӢֶĽѧǿѧƵĽѧЩʲôأ˵ģʵֶѧΡѧƵĽѧұIJƸսӢʱԱҶĺӢѧʲô⣿ʱû̫Уڽѧз֣ӢͬΪѧƣԹʹʻ㡢﷨ѧϰȷ涼໥磬ĽѧעԵĿ룬ǿѧ౳ģ¡дҪѧĶһЩ鼮ٶƪЩͬʺӢѧҪѧжмģдµȵȶǷdzЧӢѧ;ѧĶѧԡԵߡҳĽʦ죬ѧƵģʺӢѧķõС

յλԿĸPѧͨԵĹעԴĽѧʵͳѧĹ۵ΪĸѧϰֻиӰ죬˵ĸšѧϰȴԵĽѧ飬ĸĽѧѧҲõķسԽѧ̽ڽѧиܵĸ˻֪ʶȥĽѧָ˻֪ʶγĽѧʶTort-MoloneyΪʦһְҵչΪĽʦȷʱεءΪμڽѧʵʶѧϰѧܡ[2]ʦѧʶǽʦרҵչĻʦԼԸⷢչԼչʱʦſܻ÷չ

2.ѧҪʵ湦ΪһӢʦնӢѧʵ֪ʶҪ档ڽѧϣĸʵ֪ʶҪʵѧ档ΪСѧӢĽѧĿѧۺϷֶֻΣĿġܰЩʽҪĽѧݣ¿ͼ֣ʵЧҪͽѧʵɲ˹أҪѧѧȤͬʱ֪ʶҲdzҪСѧرֵӣҪ¼СѧĽǿʦԣѧѧƱػӰѧķ﷨ƴдҲһ﷨ƴдӦָСѧǴĽ׶ΣѧѴ÷ȥѧϰ֪ʶ壬¿ǰӼѧ֪ʶĽ̶ܳȣ½ڿεڿμƻ

ʵĽѧ񲢲һ͵ģǻĽѧʵ˵տʼӢʱҲȫʲôЧѧϿϷֻѧIJͿգȴûйעѧǷѧ֪ʶУһſΣ˵ѧҪʵʵ̤ʵأҪŪġѧһҪĿѧ֪ʶ˵ÿκʼ淴˼ԼĽѧѿùעӿ÷ΧתЧʵĽѧעѧѧϰעѧĿĴɶȡ

⣬յĽѧҲԴ˵Ӣѧϰ磬¼ԴԼӢѧϰн׶ΣӢʦѧתӢģ̫׼ʱϿҲ¼ȫͬѧʦһر𲻹淶ԺӢѧϰУ˺óʱȥʹԼĽѧʹ¼Լٲ׼ѧɵӰ졣

հԼѧӢľ뵽ѧУγԼĽѧ֪ʶ֪ʶǴԼлõģԱԵĸ֪ʶǽʦھĽѧʵ龳ͨԼ顢˼Ტܽбڡ֪ʶʵЧ֪ʶǽʦʵϵģҽ֪ʶ[3] նڽѧĸҲӳĸѧConnellyClandininĹ۵㣬ѧʦʵ֪ʶһҪŽʦͼֵۣѧζͨ£ʦԼжж̽һؽ[4] ڽѧӻգšʵ̬ȶԴÿһÿΣÿһѧѴʵ;лõĸ˻ᴩӢѧУҲٽרҵɳ

3.õʦϵЧѧǰᡣΪѧ֮ùϵ˵ѧĹذǹʦϵĻ߽ѧ˽ѧϲ뱯ѧѧϰɼǵƤѧݶԴǵŵسǵġݹذѧȻ׽ĿҲȻԴˡѧҲջ࣬ѧӢѧϰʶԽʦĽѧʾõʦϵ䵽ӢѧУӢõļõģջԾѧԺܻʦ֮ûȨƽȵĽѧвͬʱҲҵҲǽġ

ѧΪһӵĶ̬ѧϵͳʦϵĹϵõʦϵʵֽѧĿ꣬ǽȡóɹҪ֤LampertΪѧϰıʺѧڲ˼Ľң̸ֽѧͬеȷеϵ˼ͬеȷǷѧ顣[5]ڽѧУõʦϵʹѧɣʦŸԵ뷨⣬Եк飬ʵֹͬչôϵѧϰҲͳˡѧصĸ塢չеˣÿһչѧ𡱣յѧֵֵּۡ۲Ǵ鱾ѧģմԼĽģѧһ֡

4.ͬ黥˼ѧϰɳʮѧ˵רҵɳ뷢չĽѧġΪijɳҪԴ棺һͬ黥Լ˼ѧϰѧΪʦ˴֮໥ѧϰӰʦרҵչԴءֻҪѵĦȵȻڳʱһǰȥΡҺͬ¶ཻҵѧϰĵطǡõԼĿСѧУһ˼ĻУÿڿκ˼ϰߡ֮⣬㷺ĶӽѧѧӢѧƵѧۣһһԡ

ڴ½֮ʦѧѧƵĻۺʹʦĻܣְҵУǿʦԼDZܵijַӺͳϵѧϰ[6]ջط˼ýѧѰɹʧܵԭ֮ٽĶѧϰѷ˼뷨ѧУȡ˵ľ飬ɳ;˼ѧϰһʦеʣʦֻвоͷ˼̣Ӧơ⣬ЧشٽѧĿչγԼĸʵǻۡ

յľǿԿijɳ˵ĽѧǷֲġĶѧƽѧγ˷ḻľ֪ʶЩ֪ʶֳΪѧͷչij㼰㣬ڲϷ˼ʵγɺ˵ʵ֪ʶһʵ֪ʶͨγʵʩýѧʹЩ֪ʶãڴ˹µĸʵ֪ʶֻ᲻ϲʹʦרҵϵķչʦרҵչָʦרҵ淶ͽʦרҵȨҪǹעʦרҵչԼʦ԰[7]չµУǶԽʦʵ֪ʶרҵչҪиһʶ

οף

[1]Clandinin, D. J. Narrative and story in teacher education. In T. Russell & H. Munby(eds.) Teachers and Teaching: From Classroom to Reflection. London: The Falmer Press, 1992:125.

[2]Tort-Molony D.Teacher Autonomy:a Vyqotskian Theoretical Framework[M].Dublin:Centre for Language and Communication Stu-

dies,1997.

[3].ʦ֪ʶ塢ҸµĹ[J].ʵ,2002,(10):30-33.

[4][](F.Michael.Connelly),(D.Jean Clandinin).ʦΪγоߡ[M].,.: 㽭磬2004:69.

[5]Lampert,M.When the problem is not the question and the solution is not the answer: Mathematical knowing and teaching[J].American Educational Research Journal,1990,27(1):29-63.

[6]޴־.ʵ֪ʶϷ:ʦרҵչĻ[J].߽о, 2010, (10):87-89.

[7].ʵ֪ʶ:ʦרҵչ֪ʶ[J].ѧ,2003, (1):104-112.