九年级新目标英语Unit Two知识点详解

时间:2018-10-07 英语知识 我要投稿

  1. used to 过去常常做某事,暗指现在已经不存在的动作或状态,后跟动词原形。

  used to do sth.

  There used to be ….(反意疑问句)didn’t there?

  否定形式为: didn’t use to 或 usedn’t to

  疑问形式为: Did…use to…? 或 Used…to…?

  be/get used to doing sth. 习惯于,to 为介词

  2. wear 表示状态 =be in +颜色的词

  put on 表示动作

  dress + 人 给某人穿衣服 dress sb. / oneself

  have on表示状态(不用于进行时态)

  3. on the swim team on 是…的成员,在…供职。

  4. Don’t you remember me? 否定疑问句(考点)

  Yes, I do. 不,我记得。 No, I don’t 是的,我不记得了。

  5. 反意疑问句:

  ① 陈述部分的主语为 this, that, 疑问部分主语用it; 陈述部分主语用 these, those, 疑问部分用they 做主语。

  例: This is a new story, isn’t it?

  Those are your parents, aren’t they?

  ② 陈述部分是 there be 结构,疑问部分仍用 there

  例: There was a man named Paul, wasn’t there?

  ③ I am 后的疑问句,用aren’t I

  例: I am in Class 2, aren’t I?

  ④ 陈述部分与含有 not, no, never, few, little, hardly, seldom, neither, none 等词时,疑问部分用肯定。

  例: Few people liked this movie, didn’t they?

  但陈述句中若带有否定前缀或后缀的单词时,这个句子仍视为肯定,后面仍用否定。

  例: Your sister is unhappy, isn’t she?

  ⑤ 陈述部分的主语若为不定式或 V-ing 短语, 疑问部分主语用it。

  例: To spend so much money on clothes is unnecessary, isn’t it?

  ⑥ 陈述句中主语是 nobody, no one, everyone, everybody 等指人的不定代词时,

  疑问部分用they做主语; 若陈述部分主语是 something, anything, noting, everything 等指事物的不定代词时,疑问部分用it 做主语

  例: Nobody says one word about the accident, do they?

  Everything seems perfect, doesn’t it?

  ⑦ 当主语是第一人称I时, 若谓动为think, believe, guess 等词时,且其后跟宾丛,这时疑问句部分的人称,时态要与宾语从句保持一致,同时还要考虑否定转移。

  例: I don’t think he can finish the work in time, can he?

  ⑧ 前面是祈使句,后用 will you? (let’s 开头时,后用shall we?)

  6. be terrified of 害怕的程度比 be afraid of 深

  7. miss:

  ① 思念,想念 例: I really miss the old days.

  ② 错过,未中,未赶上,未找到

  例: It’s a pity that you miss the bus.

  The boy shot at the goal, but missed.

  8. no more (用在句中)=not…any more (用在句尾) 指次数

  no longer (用在句中)=not…any longer (用在句尾) 指时间

  9. right:

  ① adj. 正确的,右边的② n. 右方,权利③ adv. 直接地

  10. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. = Yu Mei seems to have changed a lot.

  11. afford + n. /pron. afford + to do 常与can, be able to 连用

  例: Can you afford a new car?

  The film couldn’t afford to pay such large salaries.

  12. as well as 连词,不但…而且… 强调前者。(若引导主语, 谓动与前者在人称和数上一致

  例: Living things need air and light as well as water. 生命不仅需要水,还需要空气和阳光。

  I as well as they am ready to help you. 不仅是他们,我也愿意帮助你。

  13. alone = by oneself 独自一人 lonely 孤独的,寂寞的

  14. in the last/past + 一段时间

  during the last/past + 一段时间,与现在完成时连用

  15. die (v.) dead (adj.) death (n.) dying (垂死的)

  16. play the piano 弹钢琴

  17. 对…感兴趣

  ①be/ become interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

  ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

  ③show great interest in 在……方面产生极大的兴趣

  ④a place of interest 一处名胜 some places of interest

  如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

  ⑤ interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

  ⑥ interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

  ⑦ an interesting book / man

  18. 害怕…

  be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog.

  be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.

  19. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开

  其反义词off with the light on 灯开着

  20. walk

  walk to somewhere 步行到某处 walk to school 步行到学校

  21.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

  ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

  ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:

  He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着。

  He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

  pay for 花费

  如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

  take动词 有“花费”的意思,常用的结构有:

  It take(s) sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.