被动语态初中英语知识点

时间:2018-10-13 英语知识 我要投稿

  那里的人缺乏食物。

  正:People there lack food.

  误:Food is lacked by people there.

  从形式上看,第2句是第1句的相应的被动形式,既然第1句为正句,那么第2句从理论上说应该是成立的。而事实上第2句却是个错句。

  在英语中,并不是所有的及物动词都可以用于被动语态的,有些动词(尤其是那些静态动词)尽管它们可以带宾语,但却不用于被动语态,这种动词考生容易弄错,其中主要的有:have,lack,fit,suit,cost,let,like等:

  他有一台电脑。

  正:He has a computer.

  误:A computer is had by him.

  他当时正在洗澡。

  正:He was taking a bath.

  误:A bath was being had by him.

  我的鞋不适合。

  正:My shoes dont fit me.

  误:I am not fitted by my shoes.

  这架钢琴花了她6000美元。

  正:The piano cost her 6000 dollars.

  误:She was cost her 6000 dollars.

  误:6000 dollars was cost her.

  这件衣服他穿很合适。

  正:The coat suits him very well.

  误:He is well suited by the coat.

  以上就是小编为大家准备的被动语态知识点-一般不用于被动语态的静态动词,希望能对大家有所帮助。同时也能把英语学好,学精。