初中英语名词的名词所有格知识点

时间:2018-10-17 英语知识 我要投稿

  1、's 所有格:

  1)构成:

  A. 一般词尾+ 's.:the teacher's office, Xiao Li's sister's husband's mother.

  B. 以 s 结尾的复数名词只+"' ": workers' rest room.

  C. 不以s结尾的复数名词加's: children's toys.

  D. 复合名词只在最后一个词的后面加 's: my sister-in-law's brother.

  E. 表示共同所有的几个名词,只在最后一个词的后面加's: This is Tom, James and Dick's room.

  F. 表示各个所有关系的几个名词,在每个名词后分别加's:

  Jenny's, Jean's and Mary's rooms face to the south.

  G. 名词短语只在最后一个词后加 's: a quarter of an hour's talk.

  2)用法:

  A. 名词所有格主要用于表示有生命的名词,表示所属关系: Lei Feng's dairy.

  B. 用于表示时间的名词: today's paper. an hour's drive. Friday's work.

  C. 用于表示地理、国家、城市等名词: the country's plan. the farm's fruit. China's population.

  D. 用于表示由人组成的集体名词: our party's stand

  E. 用于表示度量、价值的名词: two dollars' worth of books. a pound's weight.

  2、of所有格:

  1)凡不能用's 属格的情况可用 of 属格表示所属关系:

  the City of New York. a map of China.

  2)下列情况通常要用of 属格:

  A. 当名词有较长的定语时:

  the name of the girl standing at the gate.

  Have you read the articles of the students who were with us yesterday.