2017职称英语考试综合B级词汇重点解析汇总

时间:2017-12-18 职称英语 我要投稿

  导语:2017年职称英语考试备考已经开始,不少同学已开始准备2017年职称英语考试复习。为了促进大家的学习积极性,小编整理了职称英语考试综合B级类重点词汇,提供职称英语B级词汇重点解析汇总,供大家备考复习。

  初次见面:(在彼此获知对方的名字之后,就可以接着说:)

  1)--- Hello, nice/pleased to meet you. /--- Nice/pleased to meet you, too.

  2)---How are you? /---Fine, thanks. And you?

  3)---How do you do?/---How do you do?

  连词(conj.)

  连词主要在分句之间起逻辑连接作用。该词类的考察可能会出现在文章阅读中(间接考察)和完型填空题(直接考察)中。在完型填空题中有时会有1-3个题涉及到连词的选择。在复习中可以主要注意这几个常用的连词:and, but, while, when, because, though, although, if, as, as if, as though, as long as, as soon as, since(可以引导时间状语从句,表示“自从”,引导原因状语从句,翻译成“因为”) 。

  and“(表示并列或对称关系〕及,和,与,同;又,兼” e.g. a man and a woman;

  比较:e.g. a statesman and writer 政治家兼作家 (一般性了解)

  比较: e.g. my mother and I 我和我的母亲

  “〔表示结果〕然后”e.g. The sun came out and the grasses dried. 日出草干 (考点)

  “(用于连接行为动词,表示动作之间的先后顺序〕” e.g. Try and (= try to) do 试着做一做 / e.g. Go and(= go to) see 去看看吧 (考点)

  but“但是,可是,然而”e.g. He is rich, but (he is) not happy. 他有钱但是不幸福。not…but…(不是…而是…)(考点) e.g. He is not a soldier but a sailor. /他不是陆军而是海军)

  “只能,不得不” (考点)e.g. They had no other choice but [to] surrender. 他们别无选择,只能投降。e.g. I can not but admire his courage. 我不得不佩服他的勇敢

  e.g. This letter is nothing but an insult. 这封信完全是一种侮辱。 (〔加强语气〕简直,的确) (考点)

  “除(某人)以外,除了(某人)”e.g. No one replied but me. 除了我,没有别人回答。(考点)

  1. ___ he saw both surprised and frighten him.

  A. When B. That C. What D. whom

  主语从句。答案为C。空格所在的结构是主语从句,及物动词saw需要宾语。

  提示:that在名词性的从句中只具有语法功能, 不能在从句中充当任何成分。

  2. Tell me ___ you admired most?

  A. when B. why C. whom D. that

  宾语从句。答案为C。空格所在的结构在句子中作动词Tell的宾语,空格所在成分在句子中也充当宾语(admire的宾语)。

  (A Pay Rise or Not?)综合类B/C级阅读判断文章

  "Unless I get a rise(条件状语从句), I'll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley," George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but (并列分句)his wife kept telling him that (宾语从句)his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why (表语从句)he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better.

  代词(pron.)

  代词指it, he, their, theirs之类的词,用来代替意思更确切的名词或名词短语,如:

  it 指代:e.g. weather, time, a pen, a baby

  he 指代:e.g. Tom

  their指代:e.g. Tom and Mary’s

  theirs指代:e.g. Tom and Mary’s car

  代词中包括限定词需要掌握的有:both, all, either,neither ,这些限定指代范围的词在词义上包含了后面省去了的名词的含义。

  both:“两者,二者,双方”

  e.g. Which bottle would you like? --- I’ll take both.(both指的是both bottles, 在这里用作代词。)。

  e.g. I don't know both(e.g. people). 我不是两个人都认识〔只认识其中之一〕。(考点: 部分否定结构)

  either:“两者中的任何一个”

  e.g. Either will do. (他们)随便哪个都行.

  all:“全部,全体,一切”

  e.g. All (e.g. people)are agreed. 全体赞成。

  e.g. Not all lawyers have large incomes.不是所有的律师都收入高。(考点: 部分否定结构)

  补充:

  large: (体积,空间,数量,规模等)大的,巨大的

  a large family 多子女的家庭;/ a large population 人口众多。/ a large merchant 巨商。

  neither: “两者中无…,两者都不…”

  e.g. I like neither. 我两个都不喜欢。

  人称代词在句中可充当主语和宾语。作主语时用主格,作宾语时用宾格

  e.g.She doesn’t believe us.

  e.g.They are always making jokes about me.

  物主代词分为名词性的物主代词和形容词性的物主代词。名词性的物主代词指的是名词性属格代词,如:mine, yours等。名词性的物主代词在句中起名词词组的作用,可作主语,主语补语,宾语,同位语等,如:

  e.g.Theirs is the only house here that is being painted.

  e.g.I’ll do my work and you do yours.

  形容词性的物主代词在句子中充当形容词的语法功能, 对其后面的名词进行所属范围的限定,如:

  e.g. Well, that isn't our business. 可是,那事跟我们不相干。

  business: 事务,业务;事

  e.g. What line of business are you in? 你是干什么的?My business is.../我从事...; It is none of your business. 不关你事,别管闲事; Business before pleasure. 正事要紧 )

  反身代词即人称代词的反身形式。如myself, yourself等。反身代词可在句中作同位语(强调),宾语,主语补语等。以myself为例:

  宾语:I bought myself a new car./我为自己买了一辆新车

  用于强调:I myself was certain of the facts./我自己对事实确信无疑

  主语补语:I'm feeling myself again./我又恢复了健康

  冠词(定冠词,不定冠词)(art.)

  冠词任何用于引导名词并说明其用法的词。英语中,不定冠词是 a和 an,定冠词是 the。冠词也是语法功能词,不能在句子中独立使用。

  在复习中对冠词主要要形成这样的概念:定冠词是表示“特指”,通常我们把该词翻译成“那个”-- 指代前文出现过的或谈话双方都知道的某个特定的人/物,如:the girl in the blue dress/那个穿着蓝衣服的女孩。冠词的考察在完型填空题中几乎了,但我们在英语学习中还是应该对冠词有所了解,知道定冠词的指代内容,了解定冠词和不定冠词的搭配使用特点。如:by air/by sea/by bus/ by train/by bike, at school/ at college/ at home/ at work, in bed, on TV (对比:on the radio), from morning till night, etc。

  另外,我们需要了解的是虽然人名,地名等专有名词前一般不用冠词,但在海洋,河流,山脉,群岛以及含有普通名词的专有名词前一般加定冠词,如:the pacific, the People's Republic of China, the World Trade Organization。 抽象名词和物质名词表示一般概念时,前面通常不用冠词,但特指时,则一般要加冠词。比较:Scientific research requires patience(指“耐心”这个概念); I admire the patience of research workers.(特指“科学工作者的耐心”)

  对于定冠词的考点就是考察带定冠词的词语在文章中指代哪个具体的人或物。比如,在2002年综合类C级的阅读理解题(第3篇阅读文章)中就出现了问“the world”指代哪个代词。遇到这样的考题首先我们要大体弄懂定冠词限定的词语所在句子的句意,并借助句意和其搭配结构判断定冠词所限定的词语的具体含义,有时我们还得借助上下文的句意才能做出词义的确认。我们还是来看看该题是如何解答的:

  The world is not only hungry, it is also thirsty for water. This may seems strange to you, since nearly 75% of the earth's surface is covered with water. But about 97% of this huge amount is sea-water, or salt water, man can only drink and use the other 3% - the fresh water that comes from rivers, lakes, underground, and other sources. And we cannot even use all of that, because some of it is in the form of iceberg..

  Question:

  The phrase "the world "in the first line of the passage refers to___?

  A. you B. man C. woman D. they

  答案B。首先考虑"the world "所在句子的句意 -- “世界”不仅饥饿,而且渴望水。依据该句意,对比被选项,首先排除A(你/你们)和D(他们), 因此从我们的语言表达习惯上来说, 我们不把“你/你们”和“他们”称为世界,所以初步判定答案来自B或C。借助上下文: 文章接着说“这 (“世界”不仅饥饿,而且渴望水)可能对你看起来有些奇怪,因为75%左右的地球表面被水覆盖着。”,接着“man(人类)”一词就出现了,该句说“人类只能饮用和使用其余的3%。。”,根据该句句意在结合"the world "所在句子的句意综合判断"the world "应该指代人类。

  考点:定冠词结构的指代内容,man还有“人类”的含义。

  对于不定惯词我们需要了解的是a(an)一般用于可数名词之前(a 用在第一个字母发音为辅音的单数可数名词前;而 an则用在第一个字母发音为元音的单数可数名词前。),它们泛指“一(个)”,或加在可数名词前表示一类人或事物。在复习值得我们注意的涉及到不定冠词的固定词组有:on a basis of /以。。为基础, have a headache/头疼, get a cold/感冒, be a pity/遗憾, make a living/谋生, on an average/平均, with a view of/ 以。。为目的,go for a walk/ take a walk/散步, make an investment in 投资, have [take] a (good) look at (仔细)看一看