英语阅读理解主旨大意题

时间:2018-04-21 20:01:30 英语阅读 我要投稿

英语阅读理解主旨大意题

  【摘要】“英语阅读理解主旨大意题”主旨大意题主要是测试考生对一篇文章或一段文字的深层理解程度及在速读中准确把握文章主旨大意的能力。一般针对某一语段或某一语篇的主题标题或目的设题。常见的设题方式有:

英语阅读理解主旨大意题

  1标题类常见的标题型题干:

  1)The best title/ headline for this passage might be_____________.

  2)The text (passage) could be entitled ______________.

  3)What is the best title for the passage?

  4)Which of the following would be suitable as a title for the passage?

  2 大意类常见的主题型题干:

  5) This passage chiefly deals with____________.6) What’s the topic of the article?

  7) What is the subject discussed in the text?

  8) With what topic is the passage chiefly concerned?

  3 目的主旨大意题

  The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is______.

  The passage is meant to _____ The purpose of this article is _______

  这类题通常围绕一个中心思想展开,不少文章一开头便展示出文章的中心思想,第一段常常是内容的梗概,同时又表达了中心思想,但是不少文章的中心思想贯穿全文,并没有用一句话明确表达出来,这就要求学生学会归纳概括。每个段落往往也由一个主题句或几个陈述句构成,它们在句中的位置不同,有时在开头, 首先点明本段大意; 有时在结尾, 总结本段大意。

  做这类题,首先要找出文章的主题句。找出文章的主题句,也就明确了文章要讲什么,再通过速读全文,就可以把握文章的中心思想了。另外在许多文段中,没有可以概括全段意义的主题句,必须根据文章中所提供的`事实细节,进行全面分析,然后归纳成一般概念。但必须注意,既不能以偏概全,也不能在概括时过于宽泛,要恰如其分。

  A.主题句呈现的形式

  1)文首开门见山, 提出主题, 随之用细节来解释, 支撑或发展主题句所表达的主题思想. 最常见的演绎法写作方式.

  例1.The panda is a popular animal. Stories about the panda in the Washington Zoo are always front page news and important features on television newscasts. Stuffed pandas are among the most popular toys for children, and panda postcards are always in demand in zoo gift shops.

  例2.Today the problem of environment has become more and more serious. The world population is rising, so quickly that the world has become too crowded. We are using up our natural resources too quickly and at the same time we are polluting our environment with dangerous chemicals. If we continue to do this, human life on earth will not survive.

  2).文尾,在表述细节后, 归纳要点, 印象, 结论建议或结果, 以概括主题. 这是英语中最常见的归纳法写作方式

  例3.A human body appears to be rather soft and delicate, compared with that of a wild animal, but it is actually surprisingly strong. In deed, its very softness and looseness is an advantage; it makes man good at moving about movement of all living things of his own size, because he can do so many different things with his limbs. Man’s games show how he can control his own body. No other land creature can swim as skillfully as man; more has such varied grace; very few lives as long as he; none is so strong in its natural resistance to disease. Therefore man has a great advantage in his battle against the risks of damage and death that threaten him.

  3).文中,通常前面只提出问题, 文中的主题由随之陈述的细节或合乎逻辑的引申在文中导出, 而后又作进一步的解释, 支撑或发展.

  例4.Nothing is as useful as a flashlight in a dark night if a tire goes flat. Few inventions are so helpful to a child who is afraid of the dark. In fact, the modern flashlight brings light to many dark situations. Finding something in the back of a closet is easy with a flashlight in hand a camper also needs one after the light of the campfire has been out.

  4).首尾呼应,为突出主题, 作者先提出主题, 结尾时再次点出主题, 这种首尾呼应的写作方式较为多见. 但前后表述主题的句子不是简单的重复, 后面的表述往往有进一步的引申或发展的意味。

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